[PHNUTR-L] Six Illnesses Common Among Older Americans Cost $196
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Thu Oct 23 07:42:51 PDT 2008
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Source: RTI International
Released: Wed 22-Oct-2008, 14:30 ET
Six Illnesses Common Among Older Americans Cost $196 Billion
Newswise — Six major illnesses common among Americans age 65 and older
cost more than $196 billion in 2007, according to estimates by
researchers at RTI International.
The study, published in RTI Press, estimated the cost burden associated
of six major illnesses among Americans age 65 or older: chronic lung
disease, ischemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, pneumonia and
gastrointestinal illness. These illnesses are common among older
Americans and environmental exposures are a significant risk factor for
each of them.
"As our population continues to age, we expect that the total cost
burden of these illnesses will also continue to increase," said George
Van Houtven, Ph.D., senior economist at RTI and the study’s lead author.
"To reduce these costs, we need to give priority to prevention
strategies including environmental quality improvements."
The study showed that the total cost of all six conditions was almost
$135 billion in 2000. Based on population growth and increases in
average medical care prices since 2000, the comparable cost in 2007
would have been more than $196 billion.
The researchers also found that ischemic heart disease was the most
expensive of the six diseases, costing Americans 65 and older almost $60
billion in 2000. The least expensive of the six diseases,
gastrointestinal illness, cost the 65-or-older population $500 million
The medical costs were estimated from Medicare claims data in 2000, and
productivity losses were estimated through regression analyses of
National Health Interview Survey data using age-specific earnings and
household production estimates.
About RTI International:
RTI International is one of the world’s leading research institutes,
dedicated to improving the human condition by turning knowledge into
practice. Our more than 3,800 professionals provide research and
technical services to governments and businesses in more than 40
countries in the areas of health and pharmaceuticals, education and
training, surveys and statistics, advanced technology, international
development, economic and social policy, energy, and the environment.
For more information, visit www.rti.org.
Kathrynne Holden, MS, RD
"Ask the Parkinson Dietitian" http://www.parkinson.org/
"Eat well, stay well with Parkinson's disease"
"Parkinson's disease: Guidelines for Medical Nutrition Therapy"
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