[PNWHEALTH] FW: "Media Multi-Tasking" Changing Amount and Nature of
Young Peo ple's Media Use
Deanne.Boisvert at METROKC.GOV
Wed Mar 9 10:39:46 PST 2005
From: Kaiser Family Foundation [mailto:KaiserFamilyFoundation at cme.kff.org]
Sent: Wednesday, March 09, 2005 6:39 AM
To: deanne.boisvert at metrokc.gov
Subject: "Media Multi-Tasking" Changing Amount and Nature of Young People's
"Media Multi-tasking" Changing the Amount and Nature of Young People's Media
Bedrooms Have Become Multi-Media Centers
Kids Say Parents Don't Set or Enforce Rules on Media Use
For further information contact:
Rob Graham, 650-854-9400 (day of the event 202-347-5270) or rgraham at kff.org
Sarah Williams Kingsley, 650-854-9400 or sarahw at kff.org
For Release at 9:30 a.m. ET on Wednesday, March 9, 2005:
Washington, D.C. -- Children and teens are spending an increasing amount of
time using "new media" like computers, the Internet and video games, without
cutting back on the time they spend with "old" media like TV, print and
music, according to a new study released today by the Kaiser Family
Foundation. Instead, because of the amount of time they spend using more
than one medium at a time (for example, going online while watching TV),
they're managing to pack increasing amounts of media content into the same
amount of time each day. The study, Generation M: Media in the Lives of
8-18 Year-olds, examined media use among a nationally representative sample
of more than 2,000 3rd through 12th graders who completed detailed
questionnaires, including nearly 700 self-selected participants who also
maintained seven-day media diaries.
The study - which measured recreational (non-school) use of TV and videos,
music, video games, computers, movies, and print -- found that the total
amount of media content young people are exposed to each day has increased
by more than an hour over the past five years (from 7:29 to 8:33), with most
of the increase coming from video games (up from 0:26 to 0:49) and computers
(up from 0:27 to 1:02, excluding school-work). However, because the media
use diaries indicate that the amount of time young people spend "media
multi-tasking" has increased from 16% to 26% of media time, the actual
number of hours devoted to media use has remained steady, at just under 6 ½
hours a day (going from 6:19 to 6:21), or 44 ½ hours a week. For example,
one in four (28%) youth say they "often" (10%) or "sometimes"
(18%) go online while watching TV to do something related to the show they
are watching. Anywhere from a quarter to a third of kids say they are using
another media "most of the time" while watching TV (24%), reading (28%),
listening to music (33%) or using a computer (33%).
"Kids are multi-tasking and consuming many different kinds of media all at
once," said Drew Altman, Ph.D., President and CEO of the Kaiser Family
Foundation. "Multi-tasking is a growing phenomenon in media use and we don't
know whether it's good or bad or both."
Media in the bedroom. Children's bedrooms have increasingly become multi-
media centers, raising important issues about supervision and exposure to
unlimited content. Two-thirds of all 8-18 year-olds have a TV in their room
(68%), and half (49%) have a video game player there. Increasing numbers
have a VCR or DVD player (up from 36% to 54%), cable or satellite TV (from
29% to 37%), computer (from 21% to 31%), and Internet access (from 10% to
20%) in their bedroom. Those with a TV in their room spend almost 1½ hours
(1:27) more in a typical day watching TV than those without a set in their
room. Outside of their bedrooms, in many young people's homes the TV is a
constant companion: nearly two-thirds (63%) say the TV is "usually" on
during meals, and half (51%) say they live in homes where the TV is left on
"most" or "all" of the time, whether anyone is watching it or not.
Parental rules. While prior studies indicate that parents have strong
concerns about children's exposure to media, about half (53%) of all 8-18
year olds say their families have no rules about TV watching. Forty-six
percent say they do have rules, but just 20% say their rules are enforced
'most" of the time. The study indicates that parents who impose rules and
enforce them do influence the amount of time their children devote to media.
Kids with TV rules that are enforced most of the time report two hours less
(2:01) daily media exposure than those from homes without rules.
"These kids are spending the equivalent of a full-time work week using
media, plus overtime," said Vicky Rideout, M.A., a Kaiser Family Foundation
Vice President who directed the study. "Anything that takes up that much
space in their lives certainly deserves our full attention."
The study was released today at a forum that included a keynote speech by
Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton and a roundtable discussion featuring FCC
Commissioner Michael Copps, Hip Hop artist Common, and top executives from
the video game and television industries. The discussion was moderated by
CNN's Jeff Greenfield and a webcast will be available by 1:00 p.m. ET today
at http://www.kaisernetwork.org/healthcast/kff/09mar05 .
Time Spent With Media and Other Activities
* On average, young people spend 3:51 a day watching TV and videos
(3:04 watching TV, 0:14 watching prerecorded TV, and 0:32 watching
videos/DVDs), 1:44 listening to music, 1:02 using computers (0:48 online,
0:14 offline), 0:49 playing video games, 0:43 reading, and 0:25 watching
* They also spend an average of 2:17 a day hanging out with parents,
1:25 in physical activity, and 1:00 pursuing hobbies or other activities.
Seventh -- 12th graders spend an average of 2:16 hanging out with friends,
0:53 talking on the phone, 0:50 doing homework, and 0:32 doing chores.
* The study did not find a correlation between time spent watching TV and
time spent exercising, playing sports, or engaged in other types of physical
activity. There was no statistically significant difference in the amount of
time light, moderate, or heavy TV viewers reported spending in physical
activity (1:25, 1:21, and 1:34, respectively).
Computers and the Internet
* Since 1999 there have been big changes in the percent of 8-18 year olds
who have a computer at home (73% to 86%), have two or more computers at home
(25% to 39%), have Internet access at home (47% to 74%), and go online for
more than an hour in a typical day (5% to 22%).
The Digital Divide
* A majority of young people from each of the major ethnic and socio-
economic groups now has Internet access from home, but the divide between
groups remains substantial. For example, 80% of White youth have Internet
access at home, compared to 67% of Hispanics and 61% of African-Americans.
Similarly, in a typical day 71% of children who go to school in higher
income communities (>$50,000 a year) will use the Internet, compared to 57%
of kids from middle ($35-50,000) and 54% of those from lower (<$35,000)
Reading and Education
* Nearly three out of four (73%) 8-18 year-olds read for pleasure in a
typical day, averaging 43 minutes a day. Some kids read more than
others: those whose parents set and enforce rules about TV (0:16 more per
day than those without rules), those without a TV in their bedroom (0:16
more), and those in homes where the TV is not left on most of the time
whether anyone is watching or not (0:18 more).
* Nearly one-third (30%) of young people say they either talk on the phone,
instant message, watch TV, listen to music, or surf the Web for fun "most of
the time" they're doing homework.
* Half (50%) of all young people say they have looked for health information
* The study found no relationship between children's reported grades and
their use of TV or computers; but it did find that those who get the lowest
grades (Cs and Ds or below) spend more time playing video games
(0:21 more) and less time reading (0:17 less) than those with high grades
(mostly As and Bs).
New Media Environment
* As new technologies have become available, young people have been quick to
make use of them, changing how they use media as well as which media they
use. For example, 64% have downloaded music from the Internet; 48% have
streamed a radio station through the Internet; 66% use instant messaging;
39% have a cell phone; a third (34%) say they have a DVR such as TiVo in
their homes; 32% have created a personal Web site or Web page; 18% have an
MP3 player; and 13% have a hand held device that connects to the Internet.
* While the amount of time spent watching TV has remained steady since 1999,
the type of TV has changed. In any given day, 69% of all 8-18 year-olds
watch cable, while 49% watch broadcast, a nearly exact reversal of the
situation in 1999, when 69% watched broadcast and 50% watched cable.
* Most young people report being largely happy and well adjusted.
But the 18% who are lowest on a scale of "contentedness" (i.e., are more
likely to report being sad or unhappy, having few friends and getting into
trouble a lot) spend more time using media than their most contented peers
(9:44 v. 8:07 in total media exposure).
The study was designed and analyzed by staff at the Kaiser Family
Foundation, in collaboration with researchers from Stanford University.
Data collection, sampling and weighting were conducted by Harris
Interactive®. The report is based on a survey conducted between October
2003 and March 2004 among a nationally representative sample of 2,032 youth
aged 8-18 who were in 3rd through 12th grade. Each respondent completed a
detailed self-administered questionnaire in school about their media use the
prior day, and their media habits overall. Because older students were able
to complete longer questionnaires, some questions were asked of 7th- to
12th-graders only. From the overall sample, a self-selected sample of
694 respondents agreed to complete seven-day media use diaries, which were
primarily used to guide survey analyses, and calculate multi-tasking
proportions. All results in this release are for the full sample of 8-18
year-olds, unless otherwise noted. The margin of error for the full sample
is +/- 3.8%, higher for subgroups. Note that sampling error is only one of
many potential sources of error in this or any other survey. The media
covered in the study include TV (live and recorded), videos, movies,
computers, the Internet, video games, books, magazines, newspapers, DVDs,
radio, CDs, tapes, and MP3s. The study focuses exclusively on recreational
(non-school or job-related) use of media. A more detailed description of the
methodology can be found in the executive summary and full report, including
a full copy of the questionnaire and a sample of the diary.
The executive summary of the study (#7250) and the full report on which it
is based (#7251) are available on the Kaiser Family Foundation's website at
The Kaiser Family Foundation is a non-profit, private operating foundation
dedicated to providing information and analysis on health care issues to
policymakers, the media, the health care community, and the general public.
The Foundation is not associated with Kaiser Permanente or Kaiser
Visit http://www.kff.org/email to subscribe, unsubscribe, or manage your
email subscription options, including your preference for text or HTML
formatted emails. If you need help or have questions, please send an email
to subscriptions at kff.org .
-Message-Id: <20050309063852.C0C0.5096-6434 at cme.kff.org>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the PNWHEALTH